Global Optimality of Elman-type RNN in the Mean-Field Regime

Agazzi Andrea, UNIPI

We analyze Elman-type Recurrent Reural Networks (RNNs) and their training in the mean-field regime. Specifically, we show convergence of gradient descent training dynamics of the RNN to the corresponding mean-field formulation in the large width limit. We also show that the fixed points of the limiting infinite-width dynamics are globally optimal, under some assumptions on the initialization of the weights. Our results establish optimality for feature-learning with wide RNNs in the mean-field regime

Area: IS3 - Mathematics of Machine Learning (Andrea Agazzi)

Keywords: Recurrent Neural Networks, Mean-field theory