A probabilistic analysis of selected notions of iterated conditioning under coherence

Castronovo Lydia, Department of Mathematics and Computer Sciences, Physical Sciences and Earth Sciences, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Sanfilippo Giuseppe, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Palermo, Italy

It is well known that basic conditionals satisfy some desirable basic logical and probabilistic properties, such as the compound probability theorem. However checking the validity of these becomes trickier when we switch to compound and iterated conditionals. Herein we consider de Finetti’s notion of conditional both in terms of a three-valued object and as a conditional random quantity in the betting framework. We begin by recalling the notions of conjunction and disjunction among conditionals in selected trivalent logics. Then we analyze the notions of iterated conditioning in the frameworks of the specific three-valued logics introduced by Cooper-Calabrese, by de Finetti, and by Farrel. By computing some probability propagation rules we show that the compound probability theorem and other important properties are not always preserved by these formulations. Then, for each trivalent logic we introduce an iterated conditional as a suitable random quantity which satisfies the compound prevision theorem as well as some other desirable properties. We also check the validity of two generalized versions of Bayes' Rule for iterated conditionals. We study the p-validity of generalized versions of Modus Ponens and two-premise centering for iterated conditionals. Finally, we observe that all the basic properties are satisfied within the framework of iterated conditioning followed in recent papers by Gilio and Sanfilippo in the setting of conditional random quantities.

Area: CS56 - Conditional knowledge representation and information fusion under coherence (Lydia Castronovo and Giuseppe Sanfilippo)

Keywords: Coherence, Conditional random quantities, Trivalent logics, Compound and iterated conditionals, Import-export principle, Bayes’ rule

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